Support of Ocean Science Infrastructure
SCOR’s primary mission is to advance ocean science by promoting cooperation within the international ocean science community to achieve goals shared by scientists of the global community. SCOR’s activities include large-scale research projects and fixed-term working groups focused on specific topics. In addition, SCOR supports groups of indefinite term that are designed to focus not specifically on research, but on activities that support research, observations, modelling, etc. It is often difficult to fund such activities from national funding sources. SCOR is currently funding infrastructural activities related to ocean carbon, Southern Ocean observations, and harmful algal blooms. Information about SCOR’s past role on these and other topics is included below.
Changing Ocean Biological Systems (COBS): This project evolved from SCOR WG 149 on “Changing Ocean Biological Systems (COBS): how will biota respond to a changing ocean?” to become a SCOR activity without a fixed completion date. The purpose of the project is to promote new methods for assessing the effects of multiple environmental factors acting on organisms at the same time. The project resulted from the realization by scientists working on single environmental factors (e.g. pH, temperature, oxygen) that single-factor experiments were not realistic to changes occurring in the ocean.
GlobalHAB: SCOR is currently cofunding, with the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC) of UNESCO, an infrastrutural program on harmful algal blooms called GlobalHAB. This program was an outcome of the SCOR/IOC research project called the Global Ecology and Oceanography of Harmful Algal Blooms (GEOHAB) project, which developed from SCOR/IOC WG 97 on Physiological Ecology of Harmful Algal Blooms.
IAPWS/SCOR/IAPSO Joint Committee on Seawater: The Joint Committee on Seawater of the International Association for the Properties of Water and Steam (IAPWS), SCOR, and the International Association for the Physical Sciences of the Ocean (IAPSO) was formed following the completed work of SCOR/IAPSO WG 127 on Thermodynamics and Equation of State of Seawater, which created the Themodynamic Equation of State-2010 (TEOS-10). It was recognized at that time that progress needed to continue on the development of relationships between temperature and salinity of seawater outside the range of previously available equations.
The work of the Committee is mostly conducted at annual IAPWS meetings. The Committee has subdivided its work into three task groups: (1) salinity/density, (2) pH, and (3) moist air. The Committee also has expertise in thermodynamics, numerical modeling and applications, and software. The Committee includes representation from industry.
International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP): SCOR currently supports the International Ocean Carbon Coordination Project (IOCCP) jointly with IOC. IOCCP was formed following the SCOR-IOC CO2 Panel.
Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS): SCOR is currently supporting the Southern Ocean Observing System (SOOS) with the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR).