SCOR Working Group 155

Eastern boundary upwelling systems (EBUS): diversity, coupled dynamics and sensitivity to climate change

Ruben Escribano (Chile) and Ivonne Montes (Peru)
Other Full Members
Francisco Chavez (USA), Enrique Curchitser (USA), Boris Dewitte (France), Sara Fawcett (South Africa), Salvador Lluch-Cota (Mexico), Baye Cheikh Mbaye (Senegal), Andreas Oschlies (Germany), and Parv Suntharalingam (UK)
Associate Members
Edward Allison (USA), Javier Aristegui (Spain), Xavier Capet (France), Ming Feng (Australia), Iris Kriest (Germany), Eric Machu (France), Ryan Rykaczewski (PICES, USA), Lynne Shannon (South Africa), Damodar Shenoy (India), and Beatriz Yanicelli (Chile)
David Halpern
Terms of Reference
  1. Synthesize available information on important EBUS processes, their time and space scales (i.e., diurnal, intraseasonal, interannual, decadal, multidecadal) and their implications on water column properties, biogeochemical cycles, biodiversity/ecosystem structure and functioning, and the ecosystem services they provide. Seek to identify key feedback mechanisms, establish similarities, differences and knowledge gaps across all EBUS.

  2. Develop a Web portal for EBUS by creating a Web-based platform to graphically query integrated information on published data, model outputs, as well as protocols for measuring key properties and indicators in EBUS.

  3. Determine the strengths and weaknesses of existing EBUS coupled physical-biological models. Such an analysis will have mostly a regional focus, but it will also attempt to address subregional scales building upon past and on-going research programs on upwelling centers (e.g. Bay of Hann near Dakar (Senegal), Monterey Bay (USA), Bay of Concepcion (Chile)).

  4. Recommend a framework for regional interdisciplinary (physics to biology) EBUS observing and modeling systems. This stems from TORs 1-3.

September 2017
Financial Sponsors
  1. 2-3 June 2018, Washington, DC

Group Website
  • Garcon, V., B. Dewitte, I. Montes, and K. Goubanova. 2019. Section 3.4 Land-sea-atmosphere interactions exacerbating ocean deoxygenation in Eastern Boundary Upwelling Systems (EBUS), In IUCN Report Ocean Deoxygenation: Everyone’s Problem.

  • Garçon, V., Karstensen, J., Palacz, A., Telszewski, M., Aparco Lara, T., Breitburg, D., Chavez, F., Coelho, P., Cornejo-D’Ottone, M., Santos, C., Fiedler, B., Gallo, N. D., Grégoire, M., Gutierrez, D., Hernandez-Ayon, M., Isensee, K., Koslow, T., Levin, L., Marsac, F., … Weng, K. (2019b). Multidisciplinary Observing in the World Ocean’s Oxygen Minimum Zone Regions: From Climate to Fish — The VOICE Initiative. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6.

  • Riascos, J. M., Gutiérrez, D., Escribano, R., & Thatje, S. (2019). Editorial: El Niño-Southern Oscillation on a Changing Planet: Consequences for Coastal Ecosystems. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6.

  • Tutasi, P., & Escribano, R. (2020). Zooplankton diel vertical migration and downward C flux into the oxygen minimum zone in the highly productive upwelling region off northern Chile. Biogeosciences, 17(2), 455–473.