SCOR started a series of International Oceanographic Congresses in 1959, which became the Joint Oceanographic Assemblies. These were major international meetings to bring together ocean scientists on a regular basis. Six of these meetings were held. The final JOA was held in 1988.
International Oceanographic Congress-1959
The first International Oceanographic Congress was held in New York City on 31 August to 12 September 1959.
International Oceanographic Congress-1966
The second International Oceanographic Congress was held in Moscow, USSR, on 30 May to 9 June 1966. 1767 participants attended from from 57 countries.
- Report of the first planning meeting (1965)
- Report of the second planning meeting (1-3 February 1966)
Joint Oceanographic Assembly-1970
The first Joint Oceanographic Assembly was held on 13-25 September 1970 in Tokyo, Japan.
Joint Oceanographic Assembly-1976
The second Joint Oceanographic Assembly was held on 3-24 September 1976 in Edinburgh, Scotland.
- SCOR Proceedings (1971)
- SCOR Proceedings 8.1 (1972) and 8.2 (1972)
- SCOR Proceedings 9 (1973)
- Report of 31 Jan. 1974 meeting – SCOR Proceedings 10.1 (1974)
- SCOR Proceedings 10.2 (1975)
Joint Oceanographic Assembly-1982
The third Joint Oceanographic Assembly was held on 2-3 August 1982 in Halifax, Canada.
Joint Oceanographic Assembly-1988
The fourth and final Joint Oceanographic Assembly was held on 23-31 August 1988 in Acapulco, Mexico.
The JOA series was not continued beyond 1988 because the meetings of professional societies (e.g., the biennial Ocean Sciences meetings) were by then fulfilling the role that the JOAs had previously.