SCOR Working Group 165

Mixotrophy in the Oceans – Novel Experimental designs and Tools for a new trophic paradigm (MixONET)

Aditee Mitra (UK) and George McManus (USA)
Other Full Members
Anukul Buranapratheprat (Thailand), Helga do Rosario Gomes (USA), Robinson Mugo (Kenya), Kunnatholickal Balakrishnan Padmakumar (India), Beatriz Reguera (Spain), Tina Šilović (Netherlands), Mengmeng Tong (China), Fernando Unrein (Argentina)
Associate Members
Ahmed Al-Alawi (Oman), Áurea Maria Ciotti (Brazil), Patricio A. Diaz (Chile), Amany Ismael (Egypt), Amany Ismael (Korea), Michaela Larsson (Australia), Maite Maldonado (Canada), Nikola Medić (Denmark), Tim Smyth (UK), Koji Suzuki (Japan)
Charlotte Laufkoetter
Terms of Reference
  1. Biological oceanography databases and the mixoplankton paradigm: Advocate for the realignment of existing plankton-facing databases in light of the mixoplankton paradigm. Identify connections between mixoplankton communities and essential ocean variables.

  2. Biological oceanography research methods under the mixoplankton paradigm: Re-evaluate extant standard biological oceanographic research methods and practices for application under the mixoplankton paradigm. For example, conventional fixatives often destroy the delicate mixoplankton, while more gentle ones obscure the presence of chloroplasts. Also, pico- and nano-planktonic organisms are routinely counted using flow cytometry or epifluorescence microscopy; while standard protocols can discriminate between pigmented and colourless plankton, they are not geared for identification and quantification of mixoplankton.

  3. Development of new biological oceanography methods accounting for primary and secondary productions by mixoplankton: Evaluate development of (a) routine new methods and simple protocols that could be incorporated routinely in ongoing monitoring programmes to better quantify mixoplankton and interpret their activities; and (b) new experimental and observing methods (including autonomous technologies) for quantifying and monitoring mixoplanktonic abundance and activity.

  4. Ocean literacy: Development of multi-lingual training material for Early Career Researchers (ECRs), ecosystem managers, teachers and students, to enhance ocean literacy. The mixoplankton paradigm needs to be brought to the attention of students through to policy makers. A Decision Support Tool (DST) will be developed to aid configuration of mixoplankton-centric experiments to determine contributions to primary versus secondary production by these organisms.

October 2021
Financial Sponsors